高中英语作文常用关联词及高级词汇 A、Chang用关联词 一、表示递进关系的Guan键词语additionally 加之;又 besides Ci外;除……之外equally important Tong样重要的是furthermore 此外;Er且 in addition Ling外 in other words Huan句话说 last but not least Zui后但同样重要的是moreover 而且;Ci外 that is to say Ji;就是;换句话说what’s more Er且;此外 二、表示转折关系的Guan键词语 although 虽然;尽管 at the same time Tong时;但是 despite 不管;Jin管;不论even if 即使 even though Ji使 however 然而;可是 in spite of Bu管 instead 代替;而不是nevertheless Ran而;不过 on the contrary Zheng相反 otherwise 另外;Bu同地regardless of 不管;不Gu still 依然;仍然 though Sui然;可是 while 而 yet Ran而;但是;仍三、表示选择关系的关键词语either…or………Huo…… instead of………,而不Shi……neither…nor………和……Du不……not…but…不是……而是……rather than…Ning可;胜过whether…or not 是否 Si、表示比较关系的关键词语 compare with/to Yu……比较equally 相等地;平Deng地 in comparison with Yu……比较 in contrast 相反;Da不相同 in contrast to He……对比 in the same way Tong样地 instead 代替;改为 on the contrary Zheng相反 while 而 五、Biao示因果关系的关键词语accordingly Yin此;从而 as a result of Zuo为结果 because (of)Yin为 consequently 从而;Yin此 due to 由于;应归于hence Yin此;从此 in that 由于;因为;Ji然now that 因为;既然 on account of You于 owing to 由于;因……De缘故so 所以 so that Suo以 thanks to 由于 therefore Yin此;所以 thus 因此 Liu、用于表示总结的关键词语 above all Zui重要的是accordingly 于是 as a consequence Yin此 as has been noted Ru前所述 at last 最后 briefly Jian要扼要地 by doing so Ru此 certainly 当然Di;无疑地consequently 因此 eventually Zui后 hence 因此 in a word Zong之 in brief 简言之 in conclusion Zong之;最后 in short 简Er言之 in summary 简要Di说 in sum 总之;简而言之obviously Xian然 on the whole 总体说Lai;整个看来 to conclude Zong而言之 to speak frankly Tan白地说 to sum up 总而言Zhi to summarize 总Er言之 B、高级词汇 a handful of Shao数的 the majority ofDuo数的 a variety of Ge种各样的 accelerate the pace of Jia快步伐……according to Gen据 acquire knowledge Huo得知识 anyhow 不管怎样 appoint sb. as Ren命 apply sth. in our daily life Yun用到生活之中arise from = result from Gen源于 as a general rule Yi般情况下 assume 假设;设想 be associated with = be linked with = be related to Yu……有关的 be disconnected from Yu……脱离 be eager to Ke望 be superior to Bi……优越;超过 beyond sth. Biao示超出能力范围 beyond repair Wu法修理 choke off 阻塞 Conclusively,same valid evidence,Zong结性地,一些有理的令人信服发证据 consult sb. Xiang某人咨询、求助 current situation Xian在的情形 distinction = difference Bu同点 explicit = definite = specific Ming确的;清晰的gain experience Huo得经验 guide sth. to do Zhi导…… handle = deal with Chu理;解决 in advance 提前;Yu先 in large quantities Da量的 a large quantity of + Ke数n. in that case Zai那种情况下 judging from/by You……评判 meet our demands Man足我们的需要 obtain = acquire = gain De到on that basis 在此Ji础上 permit sb. to do = allow doing sth. potential = probable Ke能的 purify our heart Jing化我们的心灵 reliable Ke靠的 relieve sth. Huan解情感 sacrifice = devote oneself to(toWei介词)= contribute to split up Fen开如:Our opinions are split up / divided into two halves. spring up Tu然涌现 sth. remain + adj. or to be done Reng然……sth. work effectively Zou效地 undertake 承担;担任 up to you Qu决于你 worn out = give out = be exhausted Jin疲力尽的 ★高分词与保分词的对Huan accurate代替right all sorts ofDai替all kinds of applaud for sb.Wei……鼓掌代替support sb. / in favour of be capable ofNeng够代替can chief代替main Zhu要的 dull代替boring dynamicDai替lively 有生气的 for the time beingDai替at present目前;暂时 It is a pleasure that…Dai替表述……是快乐的事(pleasure n.Kuai乐的事) merely代替only Jin仅;只不过 thus代替so 因此;Yin而 turn to代替ask for help we all have faith inXiang信;信任代替believe widespreadDai替common
英文作文「起、承、转、合用语精选」 (Qi) 1.As far as I know, S + V...Ju我所知,… 2.As the saying goes, S + V...Chang言道,… 3.Everybody knows that + S + V...Zhong所周知, 4.Frankly speaking, S + V...Tan白地说, 5.Generally speaking, S + V...Yi般而言,… 6.I am greatly convinced that + S + V...Wo深信,…认… 7.In general, S + V...Yi般而言,… 8.In my opinion, S + V...Yi我之见,… 9.It goes without saying that S + V...Bu消说,… 10.It is said ( reportedJu报导, known一般皆知, estimatedJu估计, believed一般相信, expectedYi般预料) that...据说 11.It's true that + S + V...Shi实是兴12.Strictly speaking, S + V...Yan格地说,…13.There is no doubt that S + V...Hao无疑问,…14.To tell the truth, S + V...Lao实说,…(承) 1.According to + N , S + V...Gen据…, 2.As far as I'm concerned, S + V...Jiu我而论,… 3.Besides, 此Wai, 4.But the problem is not so simple. Therefore, ...Dan是问题不是如此单纯。所以… 5.But it is a pity that S + V...Dan是遗憾的是… 6.Compared with + N, S + V...Jiao之…,… 7.First of all, S + V...Shou先,…second(ly),…第二,third(ly),…Di三, 8.For example, S + V...Li如,…9.For instance, S + V...Li如,… 10.For one thing, S + V...Yi则,…11.For the other, S + V...Ling一方面,… 12.In addition, we should + V...Ci外,我们必须… 13.In comparison with + N, S + V...He…比较,… 14.In fact ( reality, truth ), S + V...Shi实上,… 15.In nine cases out of ten, S + V...Shi之八九,… 16.In other words, S + V...Huan句话说,…17.In spite of + N, S + V...Sui然…,…18.To begin with, S + V...Shou先,…19.To change another words, S + V...Huan句话说,… 20.To one's delight, S + V...Ling某人高兴地,… 21.To one's disappointment, S + V...Ling某人失望地,… 22.To one's excitement, S + V...Ling某人兴奋地, 23.To one's joy, S + V...Ling某人高兴地,…24.To one's regret, S + V...Ling某人后悔地,… 25.To one's surprise, S + V...Ling某人吃惊地,… 26.To start with, S + V...Shou先,… 27.To take...for example, S + V...Ju…为例,… 28.What's more, S + V... Geng有甚着29. What’s worse / worse still Geng糟糕的是, (转) 1.From now on, S + V...Cong现在起 2.Have you ever + V (p.p.)....?Ni曾经…吗? 3.If only + S + V...!Dan愿…! 4.In other words, S + V...Huan句话说,… 5.In the meantime, S + V...Tong时,… 6.In the similar way, S + V...Tong样地,… 7.In this manner, S + V...Ru此一来,… 8.It's high ( about ) time for + O + to V...Gai是…的时候了 9.It's high ( about ) time that + S + should V...Gai是…的时候了 10.It stan ds to reason that S + V...…Shi理所当然的 11.No doubt, S1 + V1, but S2 + V2...Mei错,…,但是… 12.Now that S1 + V1, S2 + V2...Ji然…,… 13.Every coin has two sides. Fan事皆有两面。On the one hand, S + V...Yi方面,…On the other hand, S + V...Ling一方面,… 14.On ( Upon ) V-ing, S + V...Yi…就…15.To tell the truth, S + V...Lao实说,… 16.We must recognize that S + V...Wo们必须承认 17.We cannot be too +Wo们愈…愈好 18.We cannot + V + too +Wo们愈…愈好19.What if S + V.........?Yao是…该怎么办?20.What's worse, S + V...Geng糟的是,… 21.Without + N, S + V(Jia设法)... 若非…,… 22.that is to say, S + V...…,Na就是,… (合) 1.Above all ( things ), S + V...Zui重要地,… 2.As a result ( consequence ), S + V...Jie果,… 3.As long as S1+ V1, S2 + V2...Zhi要…,… 4.As we know from the above, S + V...You上述我们可知,… 5.Because of this, we can find that S + V...Yin为如此,我们可以知道… 6.For this reason, S + V...Ji于此因, 7.In a word, S + V...Yi言以蔽之,… 8.In any case, we should V Wu论如何,我们应该… 9.In short ( brief ), S + V...Jian而言之,… 10.In conclusion, we should V Zong而言之,我们应该… 11.Last but not least, S + V...Zui后还有一件重要的事就是… 12.On the whole, S + V...Zheng体而论,… 13.To sum up ( conclude ), S + V...Zong之,… 14.What we must do is to V...Wo们只要…就可以了 15. There is an old saying, “… …”Gu语有云 英文常用谚语集锦 1.Practice makes perfect. Shu能生巧。 2.God helps those who help themselves. Tian助自助者。 3.Easier said than done. Shuo起来容易做起来难。 4.Where there is a will, there is a way. You志者事竟成。 5.One false step will make a great difference. Shi之毫厘,谬之千里。 6.A fall into the pit, a gain in your wit. Chi一堑,长一智。 7.Experience is the mother of wisdom. Shi践出真知。 8.All work and no play makes jack a dull boy. Zhi工作不玩耍,聪明孩子也变傻。 9.More hasty, less speed. Yu速则不达。10.It’s never too old to learn. Huo到老,学到老。 11.All that glitters is not gold. Shan光的未必都是金子。12.A journey always begins with the first step.Qian里之行始于足下。13.Look before you leap. San思而后行。 14.Rome was not built in a day. Wei业非一日之功。15.Great minds think alike. Ying雄所见略同。 16.well begun, half done. Hao的开始等于成功的一半。17.It is hard to please all. Zhong口难调。18.Facts speak louder than words. Shi实胜于雄辩。19.First things first. Fan事有轻重缓急。20.Ill news travels fast. Huai事传千里。21.A friend in need is a friend indeed. Huan难见真情。 22.Action speaks louder than words. Xing动胜过语言。 23.East or west, home is best. Jin窝银窝不如自家草窝。 24.Beauty will buy no beef. Piao亮不能当饭吃。25.Do as Romans do in Rome. Ru乡随俗。26.To live is to learn, to learn is to better live.Huo着为了学习,学习为了更好的活着。
表示时间关系：first,second,then,finally/at last／in the end ,soon immediately,suddenly,at the same time,meanwhile,recently Biao示对称顺序关系：for one thing…..for the other thing,on one hand,…..on the other hand,above all,first of all,firstly,secondly,next,finally,the former….the latter, Biao示递进关系：what is more,as well,moreover,besides ,furthermore,in addition,what’s worse Biao示换一种方式表达：in other words ,that is to say, Biao示举例说明：for example,like,such as,for instance Biao示陈述事实：in fact ,actually,as a matter of fact,to tell you the truth Biao示总结：on the whole,in a word,to sum up,in short,in conclusion,from what I have said above Biao示因果关系：as a result ,thus,therefore,so that,as,because,consequently, Biao示转折：but,however,while,instead,although,different from,not only ..but also Biao达自己的观点：in my opinion,personally,as far as I know,I believe,I think,as we all know ,It is known to us all that….
英语写作常用关联词 及句子套Yong模式 第一部分:关联词 表示Kai场: (introduction): generally speaking, comparatively speaking, in general, in a sense, in a way, in my opinion, in some cases, nowadays, recently, currently, obviously, clearly, undoubtedly Biao示层进: first, firstly, to begin with;second, secondly, to start with; third, thirdly, what's more, also, and then; and equally important; besides, in addition; further, in the first place; still, furthermore; last, last but not the least; next, besides; too, moreover; finally Biao示列举: (enumeration): first, second, in the first place, first of all, to begin with, in the second place, next, also, besides, furthermore, moreover, in addition, what is more, beyond that, for one thing, for another, finally; for example, for instance, to illustrate, after all, as an example, as a case in point, as an illustration, such as, namely, that is, like, say Biao示解释: as a matter of fact, frankly speaking; in this case, in other words Biao示原因: (cause): because ; because of, as, since, for, owing to, due to, on account of, on the ground of, as a result of Biao示总结: in summary, in a word;in brief, in conclusion;to conclude, in fact; indeed, in short in other words, of course;it is true, specially;namely, in all; that is, to summarize, to sum up ;thus, as has been said;altogether, in other words;finally, in simpler terms;in particular, that is; on the whole, to put it differently;therefore Biao示结果: (result): thus, so, consequently, hence, therefore, accordingly, as a result, for this reason, as a consequence, on that account, it follows that(You此得出结论..., 因而断定... ) Biao示强调: of course, indeed ;above all, most important;emphasis, certainly, in fact;chiefly, especially, indeed, certainly, particularly, to be sure, actually, above all, surely, most important of all, even worse, no doubt, needless to say Biao示让步: still, nevertheless;in spite of, all the same;even so, after all; concession, granted, naturally;of course;although, however, but, yet;admittedly, it is true ……;even though, granted that Biao示比较: in comparison, likewise;similarly, equally;however, likewise;in the same way;equally important, like, both, the same as, in common Biao示对照: (contrast): on the contrary, on the other hand, otherwise, unlike, in contrast, whereas, rather than, conversely, instead, by contrast Biao示转折: by contrast, although;at the same time, but;in contrast, nevertheless; notwithstanding(Sui然, 尽管), on the contrary;on the other hand, otherwise;regardless, still;though, yet;despite the fact that, even so; even though, for all that(Sui然如此);however, in spite of;instead Biao示时间: after a while, afterward;again, also;and then, as long as;at last, at length(Zui后);at that time, before;besides, earlier;eventually, finally;formerly, further;furthermore, in addition;in the first place, in the past;last, lately;meanwhile, moreover;next, now;presently, second;shortly, simultaneously;since, so far;soon, still; subsequently(Hou来,随后), then;thereafter(Qi后, 从那时以后), too; until, until now;when Di二部分:句子套用模式 一、总Jie句型 1) ...in general/above all/with the result that/as a result/consequently, ... 2) As far as I am concerned/as for me, ... 3) This truth above seems to be self-evidentXian然的. 4) Whether we examine the ...above, such things can happens anywhere anytime to anyone. 5) In my point of view, I prefer A much more than B. 6) I still prefer A, however, for they teach me not only to be ...but also to be... ,both in ...and in.... 7) There is no doubt that... 8) In order to make our world a better place in which to live we should make efforts to... 9) To a large extentZai很大程度上, ..., therefore, reflects... 10) If all above mentioned measures are achieved, ... 11) Wherever you are and whatever you do, ... is always meaningful. 12) So clear/evident/obvious it is that there are quite different opinions on it. 13) Now, which one do you prefer-----the one...or the one...? Were it left to me to select, I should not hesitated a moment to choose the former/latter. Er、开首句型 1) Have you ever gone...? Have you ever been to...? If you have no experience like these, your life is an inadequate one. 2) Are you...? Are you...? We are, usually. 3) In large part as a consequence of..., somebody have focused a great deal of attention in recent years on something. 4) We expect the day will come when A with its characteristic of... 5) Being adj. is one of the virtues that people must possess (not only in...but also in.../during.../when...) 6) What A to B, that C to D 7) Currently, there is a widespread/serious concern over that... 8) The reasons for the...are manifold, for instance, ... 9) Several factors contribute to this..., such as..., as for as I’m concerned, however, ...is the most significant ingredient/element. 10) ...is more violent than what we thought it should be before. 11) There are intimate(Jin密的)relations between the two. San、并列句型 1) Some people like A due to.... However, there are many young people, including me, especially like B. 2) There might be two reasons, I think..., for the change. 3) A and B are both important, they are attribute which are equally necessary for a person to achieve success in his life. 4) Different people have different attitudes towards..., some believe that...others, however, argue that...still others maintain that... 5) First...besides, in addition...what’s more... 6) For one thing...nevertheless, for another... Si、转折句型 1)...Such defectsQue陷as mentioned above can be prevented by the other way of ... 2) Except for ...’s sake only. 3) Perhaps A is the wrong word, however, B might be better. 4) First...last but not least... 5) Shall we do this? Not necessary the case. 6) ..., and vice versa indeed . 7) On the contrary, in spite of these increase... 8) Compared with A, B has many advantages such as... 9) Not so much... as he had talked about. 10) ..., the truth of the matter, however, is that... 11) For some, the way maybe right, nevertheless, for many others... 12) As everything going to the extreme has its negative aspects, so has... 13) It is fairly well know that...however, it is less know that... 14) ..., but this was not always the case. 15) At first, ...different in their opinions, on second thoughts, however, all of them agree to... 16) None the less(Jin管如此)... 17) When people succeed, it is because of hard work, however, luck has a lot to do with it too. 18) ..., sometimes it isn’t totally the case, however. 19) Do some A else but B. Wu、名理句型 1) It is usually the case that ... 2) It is plain common sense---the more/less...the more/less... 3) The serious reality had taught us a lesson: not being environment friendly will be avenged mercilessly. 4) As a proverb says/as is known to all/as a popular saying goes, ... 5) I can think of no better illustration than an English poem/adage which goes like this:... 6) The old story of...can serve as a good illustration that... Liu、强调句型 1) With/due to/spurred by...we can certainly cope with any task we are faced with, that is, ... 2) The reason why...is no other than...as I know. 3) The same thing is true with... 4) What I want to point out is that, for a person who wants to be successful in life and to be useful in society, he will have to learn to be both A and B. 5) What a wonderful picture? Especially for we students always swimming in the sea of books! 6) It’s high time that immediate measures were taken to better the strength and face the challenges. 7) Before everything else, ...is the secret of success. Qi、图表句型 1) From the figures/statistics given in the table it can be seen/noticed that... 2) From the graph/table/diagram/chart above, we can see that...obviously. 3) As show in the chart/by the graph... 4) Have you ever anticipated the prospects of...in the coming decades? Let us just take a look at the figures of...as shown in the graph above. 5) The gap between...and...will be further widened. 6) In face of increasingly serious shortage of energy, we should take effective measures/which of the measures we should take? 7) It is clear that the increase of percentage gets greater and greater. 8) By..., the number of...had less/more than doubled/tripled compared with that of... 9) Duan语:made up about.../the figure amounted to/will rise to/will reach/will double that/will tripled that Gao中英语作文常用关联词及高级词汇A、常用关联Ci 一、表示递进关系的关键词语additionally Jia之;又besides 此外;除……之外equally important Tong样重要的是furthermore 此Wai;而且in addition 另外in other words Huan句话说last but not least Zui后但同样重要的是moreover 而且;此外that is to say Ji;就是;换句话说what’s more 而Qie;此外二、表示转折关系的关键词语although Sui然;尽管at the same time Tong时;但是despite 不管;尽管;不Luneven if 即使even though Ji使however 然而;可是in spite of Bu管instead 代替;而不是nevertheless Ran而;不过on the contrary Zheng相反otherwise 另外;不同Diregardless of 不管;不顾still Yi然;仍然though 虽然;可是while Eryet 然而;但是;仍三、表示选择关系De关键词语either…or………或……instead of………,Er不是……neither…nor………He……都不……not…but…不是……而是……rather than… Ning可;胜过whether…or not 是否Si、表示比较关系的关键词语compare with/to Yu……比较equally 相等地;平Deng地in comparison with Yu……比较in contrast 相Fan;大不相同in contrast to He……对比in the same way Tong样地instead 代替;改为on the contrary Zheng相反while 而五、表示因果Guan系的关键词语accordingly 因此;从Eras a result of 作为结果because (of)Yin为consequently 从而;因此due to You于;应归于hence 因此;从此in that You于;因为;既然now that 因为;既然on account of You于owing to 由于;因……的缘故so Suo以so that 所以thanks to You于therefore 因此;所以thus Yin此六、用于表示总结的关键词语above all Zui重要的是accordingly 于是as a consequence Yin此as has been noted Ru前所述at last 最后briefly Jian要扼要地by doing so 如此certainly Dang然地;无疑地consequently Yin此eventually 最后hence Yin此in a word 总之 in brief Jian言之in conclusion 总之;最后in short Jian而言之in summary 简要地说in sum Zong之;简而言之obviously Xian然on the whole 总体说Lai;整个看来
1. 表示平行、对等或选择关系 and，both…and, as well as, together with, neither…nor, also, not only…but also, either…or, as well. 2. Biao示转折关系 but, yet, however, nevertheless (Ran而), in spite of, although, otherwise, while, after all. 3. Biao示对比关系 on the contrary, instead of, on one hand…on the other hand, just like, unlike, in the same way, at the same time 4. Biao示因果关系 so, for, therefore, as a result (of), because, owing to, due to, thanks to, on account (Li由) of.
英语关联词用法 英语关联词 —Bing列连词 1 并列连词 在句子中不做成分,Jin表示前后关系. 1.用于连接彼Ci互补依存的对等的成分. 1)Lian接语词:slow but safe/ either this week or next week 2)Lian接分句:I went and she also. 2.Ke分别表示下列关系. 1)转折:but, yet, however, neverthe- less 2) Yin果:so, for, therefore 3) Xuan择r, either…or, neither…nor Ying语关联词 —并列连接词 2 4)并Lie和递进:and,both…and, as well as not only…but (also) Ying语关联词 —关联词 关联词 用于引Dao从句. 1.名词从句: He doesn't know what she is. 2.Fu词从句:If he comes, I'll give it to you. 3.Xing容词从句:He's the best student I've ever taught. Ying语关联词 —连接词 1 关联词的Lei别及所表示的关系 要特别注意关联词在从句Zhong(及某些连接词在短语中)所担当的成Fen,这是正确使用关连词的关键. 1.Lian接词:引导名词从句,在从句中不做成分. 1) that(Wu含义): I said that he was wrong. 2) whether(if)(Biao示不确定性或选择关系): I don't know whether it is correct. Ying语关联词 —连接词 2 2.Lian接代词 1)引导名词从句,在从句中做Zhu语,宾语,表语和 定语. A. who/which Zuo主语(口语who中可做宾语, Dan其前面不可有与其配合使用的介词): I asked him who came into the room./ I asked him who(m) he saw whom/which Zuo宾语: Ask him which he wants. Ying语关联词 —关联词 3 C. whose Zuo宾语(=whose thing(s)) /Ding 语: I wonder whose house that is. D. what Zuo上面提及的各种成分: I don't know what I should do. What can be done 2)Yu不定式连用,在其中多做主语和宾语. We can't decide whom to invite. We must decide what to do. I couldn't decide which to choose. Ying语关联词 —关联词 4 3.Lian接副词 引导名词从句或与不定式连用,Zai从句 中做状语. 1) how: That's how I look at it. 2) where: I don't know where he lives. 3) when: Tell me when to use the tool. 4) why: I'll tell you why you have to do it. Ying语关联词 —关系词 1 4.关系代词 1) who Biao示人,在从句中做主语和表语(口语 whoZhong可做宾语,但其前面不可有与其配合使用 De介词): The man who spoke is my teacher. I don't know who he is. The man who I saw told me that. 2) whom Biao示人,在从句中做宾语和表语: The man whom I saw told me that. Ying语关联词 —关系词 2 3) whose Biao示"某人/物的",of whichBiao示 "某物的", Zai从句中做定语: That's the man whose son is my pupil. The room whose window faces south is her bedroom. The room of which the window faces south is her bedroom. Ying语关联词 —关系词 3 4) which Biao示物,在从句中做主语和表语: I like the picture which was taken in front of the main building. 5) that Biao示人/物,在从句中做主语和宾语; Zhu 意下列关于that作为关系代词的用法. A.Xian行词前有最高级形容词修饰时: This is the best film that I've ever seen. Ying语关联词 —关系词 4 B.先行词Shi下列词语或为其所修饰修饰时: the first, the last, the only, the same, the very, all, any, no, every. This is the last chance that you have. You are the only friend that I have. He told me all that he knew. Ying语关联词 —关系词 5 C. Xian行词是下列不定代词或为其所修饰修饰时: much, little, none, everything/body, nothing, nobody. There's nothing in the world that can frighten him. D. YiWho/Which开始的句子,其后的定Yu从句中 的关系代词不使用who/which,Er代之以that. Who that knows him would trust him Which of these buses is the one that goes to London Ying语关联词 —关系词 6 E.人和Shi物/动物同为先行词时: The man and the horse that fell into the river were drowned. 6) Guan系代词做介词宾语. A.一般介词可放Zaiwhom/which的前面或其所 Zai的从句的句尾,关系代词为that时,只可 Fang在其所在的从句的句尾. Is this the car for which you paid a high price Ying语关联词 —关系词 7 Is this the car which you paid a high price for Is this the car that you paid a high price for Is this the car you paid a high price for B.Jie词during, except以及表示(从Zheng体中) "分割"(Chu部分)的介词of等介词要放在关 系代Ci的前面: 英语关联词 —关系词 8 The years during which he was away were long years to her. He wrote many books, some of which C.Qi介词与动词不可分割的短语动词中的介Ci必 须放在其动词之后,不可放Zai关系代词之前: This is the book which he has been looking for. 7)Guan系代词的省略. A.关系代词作宾语时: The girl I work with is coming. Ying语关联词 —关系词 9 B.thatZai定语从句中做表语时: He is not the man that he was when I saw him first. He is not the man he was when I saw him first. 5.Guan系副词 在定语从句中均做状语. 1)where Di点: That's one point where I'd like your advice. Ying语关联词 —关系词 10 2) when Shi间: At the time when I saw him, he was ill. 3) why Yuan因: That is the reason why I came so early. 4) that Fang式/时间/原因 I like the way that /in which he did it. Ying语关联词 —关系词 11 That was the first time (that) I saw him. The reason why/that he was dismissed is not easy to explain. 5)in which/at which = where This is the school in which/at which/ where he works. 6)for which = why I don't the reason for which he left. Ying语关联词 —关系词 12 7)on which = when The day on which she was born was 22 September, 1988.
1) 先后次序关系: at this time; first; second; at last; next;previously; simultaneously; eventually;last but not least;to begin with; to start with;to end with;finally;seeing...;since then; first of all;afterwards; following this; preceding this. 2) Yin果关系: because;because of this;being that;another important factor /reason of... ; since; as; for; in that...; owing to; due to; for the reason that...; in view of; the reason seems to be obvious; there are about... ;for this reason; as a result of this; therefore;...and so...; consequently;as a result; thus; hence; so;so that...; in consequence; as a consequence; accordingly; inevitably; under these conditions; thereupon. 3) Zhuan折关系: but;even so;however;though;even though;independent of; reckless of ;despite that; in spite of that; regardless of; yet...;and yet; but unless. 4) Bing列关系: and; also;too;as well as;either...,or...;both...and... 5) (Bu充)递进关系: furthermore;moreover;further;In this way ;still; not only...but also...; not...but...; in addition (to); additionally, much more interesting, more specifically, next, besides; as far as... is concerned; in other words;along this line of consideration;on the one hand...,on the other hand...; even; as a poplar saying goes...;in order to do it...; meanwhile; at the same time; accordingly; In the first place...,in the second place...; equally important; of even greater appeal. 6) Bi较关系: similarly; in like manner, in comparison with;when compared with;compared with;when in fact...; like...; likewise; similarly important; apart from (doing)...; ... rather than...,by doing so ;both…and...; in the same way; not only...but (also). 7) Dui照(不同点): yet; still; for all of that; notwithstanding; rather; neither ... nor; although; though; but; however; something is just the other way around;yet; conversely; unlike; opposed to; as opposed to ; in contrast (to); by way of;on the contrary;different from this;as opposed to this; nevertheless; contrary to; whereas; while;but on the other hand. 8) Ju例关系: for example; for instance; in this case; namely; as you know; you may as/say; as he explains; like; such as; a case in point is...; consider...; in particular;including...;for one thing...,for another...;put it simply;stated roughly; as an illustration, I will say...; a good example (of...)would be...;to detail this,I would like to...; It is interesting to note that...;in this situation; as proof; take the case of; take as example (something); as for; as regards; as to; according to; on this occasion. 9) Qiang调关系: in fact; especially;particularly;moreover;naturally; what is more important; in reality; certainly; of course; indeed; in particular;not to mention...;believe it or not;undeniably; other thing being equal;it is certain/sure that...;to be strict; to be true;by definition; definitely; undoubtedly; without a doubt; in truth, in any event(Bu论怎样); without reservation(Hao无保留地); obviously, not only.. but(also...), both... and... 10) Tiao件关系: if;unless; lest;provided that;if it is the case;in this sense;once...;if possible;if necessary;if so;if not all; if anything. 11) Gui纳总结类: in other words;on the whole; in sum; therefore;hence;in short;in brief;to sum up;in conclusion; in summary; to conclude; the conclusion can be drawn that...; for this reason; in short. 12) Di点关系: beyond; opposite to; adjacent to; at the same place; there; over; in the middle; around; in front of; in the distance; farther; here and there; above; below; at the right; between; on this side. 13) Mu的关系: with this object; for this purpose; in order that; in this way, since; so that; on that account; in case; with a view to; for the same reason. 14) Zhong申关系: in other words; that is to say; as I have said; again; once again. 15) Jie果关系: accordingly; thus; consequently; hence; therefore; thereupon; inevitably; under these conditions; as a result; as a consequence; because; because of; so that; not only...but (also...); so... as to. 16) Shun序关系: first; second; thirdly; next; then; at the outset(Zai开始时), following this; at this time; now; at this point; after; afterward; after this; subsequently; lastly; finally; consequently; before this; previously; preceding this; simultaneously; concurrently(Tong时). 17) 时间关系: at once; immediately; at length; in the mean time; meanwhile; at the same time; in the end; then; soon; not long after; later; at once; at last; finally; some time ago; at present; all of a sudden; from this time on; from time to time; since then; when; whenever; next point; a few minutes later; formerly; as; once; since; occasionally; in a moment; shortly; whereupon; previously Xie作模板: 辩论式议论文 模Ban1 Some people believe (argue, recognize, think) that Guan点1. But other people take an opposite side. They firmly believe that Guan点2. As for me, I agree to the former/latter idea. There are a dozen of reasons behind my belief. First of all, Lun据1. More importantly, Lun据2. Most important of all, Lun据3. In summary, Zong结观点. As a college student, I am supposed to Biao决心. 或 From above, we can predict that Yu测. 模版2 People hold different views about X. Some people are of the opinion that Guan点1, while others point out that Guan点2. As far as I am concerned, the former/latter opinion holds more weight. For one thing, Lun据1. For another, 论Ju2. Last but not the least, Lun据3. To conclude, Zong结观点. As a college student, I am supposed to Biao决心. 或 From above, we can predict that Yu测. 模版3 There is no consensus of opinions among people about X(Zheng论的焦点). Some people are of the view that Guan点1, while others take an opposite side, firmly believing that Guan点2. As far as I am concerned, the former/latter notion is preferable in many senses. The reasons are obvious. First of all, Lun据1. Furthermore, Lun据2. Among all of the supporting evidences, one is the strongest. That is, Lun据3. A natural conclusion from the above discussion is thatZong结观点. As a college student, I am supposed to Biao决心. 或 From above, we can predict that Yu测. 图表式作文 It is obvious in the graphic/table that the rate/number/amount of Y has undergone dramatic changes. It has gone up/grown/fallen/dropped considerably in recent years (as X varies). At the point of X1, Y reaches its peak value of …(Duo少). Wh at is the reason for this change? Mainly there are … (Duo少) reasons behind the situation reflected in the graphic/table. First of all, …(Di一个原因). More importantly, …(Di二个原因). Most important of all, …(Di三个原因). From the above discussions, we have enough reason to predict what will happen in the near future. The trend described in the graphic/table will continue for quite a long time (if necessary measures are not takenKuo号里的使用于那些不太好的变化趋势). Ti纲式作文 1.对立观点式 A.有Ren认为X 是好事,赞成X,为什么? B.You人认为X 是坏事,反对X,为什么? C.Wo的看法。 Some people are in favor of the idea of doing X. They point out the fact that Zhi持X 的第一个原因。They also argue that Zhi持X 的另一个原因。 However, other people stand on a different ground. They consider it harmful to do X. They firmly point out that Fan 对X 的第一个理由。 An example can give the details of this argument: Yi个例子。 There is some truth in both arguments. But I think the advantages of X overweigh the disadvantages. In addition to the above-mentioned negative effects it might bring about, X also may X De有一个坏处。 2.批驳观点式 A.Yi个错误观点。 B.我不同意。 Many people argue that Cuo误观点。By saying that, they mean Dui这个观点的进一步解释。An example they have presented is that Yi个例子。(According to a survey performed by X on a group of Y, almost 80% of them Zan成这个错误观点或者受到这个错误观点的影响)。 There might be some element of truth in these people’s belief. But if we consider it in depth, we will feel no reservation to conclude that Yu错误观点相反的观点。There are a number of reasons behind my belief. (Yi下参照辩论文的议论文写法)。 3.She会问题(现象)式 A.一个社会问题Huo者现象。 B.产生的原因 C.对She会和我们生活的影响 D.如何杜绝。(Ru果是问题的话) E.前景的预测。 Nowadays, there exists an increasingly serious social/economic/environmental problem. (X has increasingly become a common concern of the public). According to a survey, Diao查内容说明这种现象的情况。(或者是一个例子)。 There are a couple of reasons booming this problem/phenomenon. Xia面参照辩论式议论文的写法。 X has caused substantial impact on the society and our daily life, which has been articulated in the following aspects. Can照辩论式议论文的写法。 A dozen of measures are supposed to take to prevent X from bringing us more harm. Can照辩论式议论文的写法。 Based on the above discussions, I can easily forecast that more and more people will …….. Ying语四六级写作绝招 开头万能公式 1.Kai头万能公式一:名人名言 有人问了,“我Mei有记住名言,怎么办?尤其是英语名言?”,Hen好办:编! 原理:我们看到的东西很多Du是创造出来的,包括我们欣赏的文章也是,所以尽Guan编,但是一定要听起来很有道理呦!而且Mei准将来我们就是名人呢!对吧? 经典句型: A proberb says, “ You are only young once.” (Shi用于已记 住的名言) It goes without saying that we cannot be young forever. (Shi用于自编名言) 更多经典句型: As everyone knows, No one can deny that… 2.Kai头万能公式二:数字统计 原理:Yao想更有说服力,就应该用实际的数字来说明。 Yuan则上在议论文当中十不应该出现虚假数字的,可是Zai考试的时候哪管那三七二十一,但编无妨,只要Wo有东西写就万事大吉了。所以不妨试用下面的Ju型: According to a recent survey, about 78.9% of the college students wanted to further their study after their graduation. Kan起来这个数字文邹邹的,其实都是编造出来的,下Mian随便几个题目我们都可以这样编造: Honesty:Gen据最近的一项统计调查显示,大学生向老师请假的Li由当中78%都是假的。 Travel by Bike:Gen据最近的一项统计调查显示,85%的人Zai近距离旅行的时候首选的交通工具是自行Che。 Youth:根据最近的一项统计调查Xian示,在某个大学,学生的课余时间的70%Du是在休闲娱乐。 Five-day Work Week Better than Six-day Work?:Gen据最近的一 项统计调查显示,98%De人同意每周五天工作日。 更多Ju型: A recent statistics shows that … Jie尾万能公式 1.结尾万能公式一:如此结Lun 说完了,毕竟要归纳一番,相信各位都有Zhe样的经历,领导长篇大论,到最后终于冒出个“Zong而言之”之类的话,我们马上停止开小差,等待Ling导说结束语。也就是说,开头很好,也必然要有Yi个精彩的结尾,让读者眼前一亮,这样,你Jiu可以拿高分了!比如下面的例子: Obviously(Ci为过渡短语), we can draw the conclusion that good manners arise from politeness and respect for others. Ru果读者很难“显而见之”,但说无妨,就Dang读者的眼光太浅罢了!更多过渡短语: to sum up, in conclusion, in brief, on account of this, thus Geng多句型: Thus, it can be concluded that…, Therefore, we can find that… 2.Jie尾万能公式二:如此建议 如果说“Ru此结论”是结尾最没用的废话,那么“如此建Yi”应该是最有价值的废话了,因为这里虽然也是废Hua,但是却用了一个很经典的虚拟语气的句型。Zhuai! Obviously, it is high time that we took some measures to solve the problem. Zhe里的虚拟语气用得很经典,因为考官本来经常考Zhe个句型,而如果我们自己写出来,你说Kao官会怎么想呢? 更多句型: Accordingly, I recommend that some measures be taken. Consequently, to solve the problem, some measures should be taken. Xie作的“七项基本原则” 一、长短句Yuan则 工作还得一张一驰呢,老让Du者读长句,累死人!写一个短小精辟的句子,Xiang反,却可以起到画龙点睛的作用。而且如果我们Ba短句放在段首或者段末,也可以揭示主题: As a creature, I eat; as a man, I read. Although one action is to meet the primary need of my body and the other is to satisfy the intellectual need of mind, they are in a way quite similar. Ru此可见,长短句结合,抑扬顿挫,岂不爽哉?牢记! Qiang烈建议:在文章第一段(开头)用一长一短,且先Chang后短;在文章主体部分,要先用一个短Ju解释主要意思,然后在阐述几个要点的时候采Yong先短后长的句群形式,定会让主体部分妙笔生辉!Wen章结尾一般用一长一短就可以了。 二、Zhu题句原则 国有其君,家有其主,文章也要You其主。否则会给人造成“群龙无首”之感!Xiang信各位读过一些破烂文学,故意把主体隐藏在文Zhang之内,结果造成我们稀里糊涂!不知所Yun!所以奉劝各位一定要写一个主题句,Fang在文章的开头(保险型)或者结尾,让读者Yi目了然,必会平安无事! 特别提示:隐Cang主体句可是要冒险的! To begin with, you must work hard at your lessons and be fully prepared before the exam(Zhu题句). Without sufficient preparation, you can hardly expect to answer all the questions correctly. San、一二三原则 领导讲话总是第一部Fen、第一点、第二点、第三点、第二部分、第一点… Ru此罗嗦。可毕竟还是条理清楚。考官们看文Zhang也必然要通过这些关键性的“标签”来判Ding你的文章是否结构清楚,条理自然。破 Jie方法很简单,只要把下面任何一组的词Hui加入到你的几个要点前就清楚了。 1)first, second, third, last(Bu推荐,原因:俗) 2)firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally(Bu推荐,原因:俗) 3)the first, the second, the third, the last(Bu推荐,原因:俗) 4)in the first place, in the second place, in the third place, lastly(Bu推荐,原因:俗) 5)to begin with, then, furthermore, finally(Qiang烈推荐) 6)to start with, next, in addition, finally(Qiang烈推荐) 7)first and foremost, besides, last but not least(Qiang烈推荐) 8)most important of all, moreover, finally 9)on the one hand, on the other hand(Shi用于两点的情况) 10)for one thing, for another thing(Shi用于两点的情况) 建议:不仅Jin在写作中注意,平时说话的时候也应该条理Qing楚! 四、短语优先原则 Xie作时,尤其是在考试时,如果使用短语,有两个好Chu:其一、用短语会使文章增加亮点,如果老师们看Dao你的文章太简单,看不到一个自己不认识的短语,Bi然会看你低一等。相反,如果发现亮点—精Cai 的短语,那么你的文章定会得高分Liao。其二、关键时刻思维短路,只有凑字数,Zen么办?用短语是一个办法!比如: I cannot bear it. Ke以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it. I want it. Ke以用短语表达:I am looking forward to it. Zhe样字数明显增加,表达也更准确。 五、Duo实少虚原则 原因很简单,写文章还Shi应该写一些实际的东西,不要空话连篇。这就要求Yi定要多用实词,少用虚词。我这里所说的虚词就是Zhi那些比较大的词。比如我们说一个很好De时候,不应该之说nice这样空洞的词,应Gai使用一些诸如generous, humorous, interesting, smart, gentle, warm-hearted, hospital Zhi类的形象词。再比如: 走出房间,generalDe词是:walk out of the room Dan是小偷走出房间应该说:slip out of the room Xiao姐走出房间应该说:sail out of the room Xiao孩走出房间应该说:dance out of the room Lao人走出房间应该说:stagger out of the room Suo以多用实词,少用虚词,文章将会大放异Cai! 六、多变句式原则 1)Jia法(串联) 都希望写下很长的句子,像Ge老外似的,可就是怕写错,怎么办,最保险的Xie长句的方法就是这些,可以在任何句子之间加and, Dan最好是前后的句子又先后关系或者并列关系。比如Shuo: I enjor music and he is fond of playing guitar. Ru果是二者并列的,我们可以用一个超级句式: Not only the fur coat is soft, but it is also warm. Qi它的短语可以用: besides, furthermore, likewise, moreover 2)Zhuan折(拐弯抹角) 批评某人缺点De时候,我们总习惯先拐弯抹角说说他的优点,Ran后转入正题,再说缺点,这种方式虽然阴Xian了点,可毕竟还比较容易让人接受。所以呢,我Men说话的时候,只要在要点之前先来点废话,Zhu意二者之间用个专这次就够了。 The car was quite old, yet it was in excellent condition. The coat was thin, but it was warm. Geng多的短语: despite that, still, however, nevertheless, in spite of, despite, notwithstanding 3)Yin果(so, so, so) 昨Tian在街上我看到了一个女孩,然后我主动Da讪,然后我们去咖啡厅,然后我们认识了,然Hou我们成为了朋友…可见,讲故事的时候我Men总 要追求先后顺序,先什么,后什么,所Yi然后这个词就变得很常见了。其实这个词表示的是Xian后或因果关系! The snow began to fall, so we went home. Geng多短语: then, therefore, consequently, accordingly, hence, as a result, for this reason, so that 4)Shi衡句(头重脚轻,或者头轻脚重) You些人脑袋大,身体小,或者有些人脑袋Xiao,身体大,虽然我们不希望长成这个样Zi,可如果真的是这样了,也就必然会吸引别Ren的注意力。文章中如果出现这样的句子,就Geng会让考官看到你的句子与众不同。其实Jiu是主语从句,表语从句,宾语从句的变形。 Ju例:This is what I can do. Whether he can go with us or not is not sure. Tong样主语、宾语、表语可以改成如下的复Za成分: When to go, Why he goes away… 5)Fu加(多此一举) 如果有了老婆,总会Yu到这样的情况,当你再讲某个人的时候,她会插Yi句说,我昨天见过他;或者说,就是某某某,如Guo把老婆的话插入到我们的话里面,那就是定语从Ju和同位语从句或者是插入语。The man whom you met yesterday is a friend of mine. I don’t enjoy that book you are reading. Mr liu, our oral English teacher, is easy-going. Qi实很简单,同位语--要解释的东西删除后不影Xiang整个句子的构成;定语从句—借用之前的关键词并Qie用其重新组成一个句子插入其中,但是whom or that Guan键词必须要紧跟在先行词之前。 6)Pai比(排山倒海句) 文学作品中最吸Yin人的地方莫过于此,如果非要让你的文章Geng加精彩的话,那么我希望你引用一个个的排比Ju,一个个得对偶句,一个个的不定式,一Ge个地词,一个个的短语,如此表达将会使Wen章有排山倒海之势! Whether your tastes are modern or traditional, sophisticated or simple, there is plenty in London for you. Nowadays, energy can be obtained through various sources such as oil, coal, natural gas, solar heat, the wind and ocean tides. We have got to study hard, to enlarge our scope of knowledge, to realize our potentials and to pay for our life. (Qi势恢宏) 要想写出如此气势恢宏的句子Fei用排比不可! 七、挑战极限原则 Ji然是挑战极限,必然是比较难的,但是并非Bu可攀! 原理:在学生的文章中,很少Fa现诸如独立主格的句子,其实也很简单,只要花上5Fen钟的时间看看就可以领会,它就是分词的一种特Shu形式,分词要求主语一致,而独立主格则不Ran。比如: The weather being fine, a large number of people went to climb the Western Hills. Africa is the second largest continent, its size being about three times that of China. Ru果您可一些出这样的句子,不得高分才Guai! 文章主体段落三大杀手锏 Yi、举实例 思维短路,举实例!提出一Ge观点,举实例!提出一个方案,举实例!而且者Ye是我们揭示一个观点最好的方式,任何Qing况下,只要我们无法继续文章,不管三七二十Yi,尽管举例子! In order to attract more customers, advertisers have adopted every possible stimulative factor in making ads, such as sound, light, colours, cartoon films and human performance. For instance, to advertise a certain food, advertisers will ask an actor or actress to sit at a table and devour the seemingly delicious food while they fime him or her. Geng多句型: To take … as an example, One example is…, Anoth er example is…, for example Er、做比较 方法:写完一个要点,Bi较与之相似的;又写完一个要点,再比Jiao与之相反的; 世界上没有同样的指Wen,没有相同的树叶,文章亦同,只有通过比较,Ni才会发现二者的相同点(through comparison)He不同点(through contrast)。Xia面是一些短语: 相似的比较: in comparison, likewise, similarly, in the same manner Xiang反的比较: on the other hand, conversely, whereas, while, instead, nevertheless, in contrast, on the contrary, compared with …, … San、换言之 没话说了,可以换一句话再说,Rang你的文章在多一些字,或者文邹邹地说,是Rang读者更充分的理解你的观点。 实际就Shi重复重复再重复!下面的句子实际上就三Ge字 I love you! I am enthusiastic about you. That is to say, I love you. I am wild about you. In other words, I have fallen in love with you. Huo者上面我们举过的例子: I cannot bear it. Ke以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it. Yin此可以这样说:I cannot bear it. That is to say, I cannot put up with it or I am fed up with it. Geng多短语: in more difficult language, in simpler words, put it more simply Si六级写作常见句型 (1)用于描写漫画、Tu表的常用句型 ①As the graph depicts , … ②From the cartoon /picture , we can see that … ③According to the statistics shown in the first /second graph , ④The table shows / indicates / reveals that … ⑤It can be seen /concluded from the picture / table / figures that … (2)Yong于句首提出论题或现象的句型 ①Recently , …has 50
一、表示递进关系的关键词语additionally Jia之;又besides 此外;除……之外equally important Tong样重要的是furthermore 此外;而Qiein addition 另外 in other words Huan句话说last but not least Zui后但同样重要的是 moreover Er且;此外that is to say 即;就Shi;换句话说what’s more 而且;Ci外二、表示转折关系的关键词语although Sui然;尽管at the same time Tong时;但是despite 不管;尽管;Bu论even if 即使 even though Ji使however 然而;可是in spite of Bu管instead 代替;而不是nevertheless Ran而;不过on the contrary 正相Fanotherwise 另外;不同地 regardless of Bu管;不顾 still 依然;仍然 though Sui然;可是 while 而 yet Ran而;但是;仍 三、表示选择关系的关Jian词语 either…or………Huo…… instead of………,Er不是…… neither…nor …和…Du不… not…but…不是……Er是…… rather than…宁Ke;胜过 whether…or not Shi否 四、表示比较关系的关键词Yu compare with/to Yu……比较 equally 相等地;平Deng地 in comparison with Yu……比较 in contrast Xiang反;大不相同 in contrast to He……对比 in the same way Tong样地 instead 代替;改Wei on the contrary Zheng相反 while 而 五、Biao示因果关系的关键词语 accordingly Yin此;从而 as a result of Zuo为结果 because (of)因为 consequently Cong而;因此 due to 由于;应归于 hence Yin此;从此 in that 由于;Yin为;既然 now that 因为;Ji然 on account of 由于 owing to You于;因……的缘故 so 所以 so that Suo以 thanks to 由于 therefore Yin此;所以 thus 因此 六、用Yu表示总结的关键词语 above all Zui重要的是 accordingly Yu是 as a consequence Yin此 as has been noted Ru前所述 at last 最后 briefly Jian要扼要地 by doing so Ru此certainly 当然地;无疑地consequently Yin此eventually 最后hence Yin此 in a word 总之 in brief Jian言之 in conclusion Zong之;最后in short 简而言之in summary Jian要地说in sum 总之;简而言之obviously Xian然 on the whole Zong体说来;整个看来to conclude 总Er言之to speak frankly 坦Bai地说to sum up 总而言之to summarize Zong而言之高分词、短语 a handful of Shao数的 the majority of Duo数的 a variety of Ge种各样的accelerate the pace of Jia快步伐…according to Gen据acquire knowledge 获De知识 anyhow 不管怎样 appoint sb. as Ren命 apply sth. in our daily life Yun用到 生活之中 arise from = result from Gen源于 as a general rule Yi般情况下 assume 假设;设想 be associated with = be linked with = be related to Yu……有关的 be disconnected from Yu……脱离 be eager to Ke望 be superior to Bi……优越;超过 beyond sth. Biao示超出能力范围 beyond repair Wu法修理 choke off 阻塞 Conclusively,same valid evidence, Zong结性地,一些有理的令人信服 发证据 consult sb. Xiang某人咨询、求助 current situation Xian在的情形 distinction = difference Bu同点 explicit = definite = specific Ming确 的;清晰的 gain experience Huo得经验 guide sth. to do Zhi导…… handle = deal with Chu理;解决 in advance Ti前;预先 in large quantities Da量的= mass a large quantity of + Ke数n. in that case 在那Zhong情况下 judging from/by You……评判 meet our demands Man足我们的需 要 obtain = acquire = gain De到 on that basis Zai此基础上 permit sb. to do = allow doing sth. potential = probable Ke能的 purify our heart Jing化我们的心灵 reliable Ke靠的 relieve sth. Huan解情感 sacrifice = devote oneself to(toWei 介词)= contribute to split up Fen开如:Our opinions are split up / divided into two halves. spring up Tu然涌现 sth. remain + adj. or to be done Reng 然…… widespread Dai替common sth. work effectively Zou效地 undertake 承担;担任 up to you Qu决于你 worn out = give out = be exhausted Jin疲力尽的 高分词与保分词的对换 accurate Dai替right all sorts of Dai替all kinds of applaud for sb. Wei……鼓掌代替 support sb. / in favour of be capable of Neng够代替can chief 代替main Zhu要的 dull 代替boring dynamic Dai替lively 有生气的 for the time being Dai替at present 目前;暂Shi It is a pleasure that…Dai替表 述……是快乐的事(pleasure n. Kuai乐的事) merely 代替only Jin仅;只不过 thus 代替so Yin此;因而 turn to 代替ask for help we all have faith in Xiang信;信任代 替believe